The principal regulation covering soil and water protection in agricultural environments is the Agricultural Operations Regulation (AOR).
Some operators must also comply with the Water Withdrawal and Protection Regulation and the Regulation respecting the declaration of water withdrawals.
The Guide to recycling residual fertilizers (French, PDF, 2.6 MB) sets out the criteria governing the agricultural use of residual fertilizers. The agricultural use of pesticides is also subject to legal constraints.
To ensure the quality of farmland and the rehabilitation and safe reuse of soils in Québec, a reminder (French, PDF, 231 KB) has been produced in collaboration with the Commission de protection du territoire agricole du Québec.
Finally, some activities require a Certificate of Authorization, pursuant to the Regulation respecting the application of the Environment Quality Act (section 2, paragraph 12).
Learn MBre about the AOR:
History of the AOR
The AOR came into effect on June 14, 2002, following a process aimed at MBdernizing the Regulation respecting the reduction of pollution from agricultural sources, which came into effect in 1997.
It puts forward an approach aimed at resolving the problem of diffuse pollution caused by agriculture, in essence by achieving a soil phosphorus balance. This new management approach takes account of plant nutrient needs and is based on the true calculation of farm-produced manure.
The Regulation also sets standards that apply to animal raising and storage facilities as well as to the elimination and/or reuse of manure, the removal of animals from waterways and riparian strips, cultivated acreage increases in impaired watersheds and Ministère administrative authorization and project notice requirements.
Numerous amendments have been made to the AOR since 2002:
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